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International Consultant Strategy: Durable Shelter Solutions for IDP's - P-5 (UN-HABITAT, Home Based)
Location: Home Based
Country: Jordan
Closing Date: 04/11/2010
Date of issuance: 21/10/2010
Generic Expertise: Land Management
Community Development
Housing and Construction
Minimum Years of Experience: 10
Minimum Education: Masters
Consultancy Announcement Code: IP-PSM-3
Specific Expertise: Architecture
Community Based Development
Community Participation
Disaster Prevention and Mitiga
Housing Design and Standards
Housing Finance
Land/Housing Tenure
Participatory Planning
Partnerships among stakeholder
Refugee Settlements
Resettlement Planning
Slum Upgrading
Standards, Codes and Regulations
United Nations Core Values: Integrity, Professionalism, Respect for Diversity
Reaching Durable Shelter Solutions for IDPs International Consultant TOR for Preparation of Strategy Document Oct 2010 Introduction UNHCR estimates that there still around 1,500,000 IDPs in Iraq following the post 2006 displacement, of which more than 500,000 are in squatter settlements. In partnership with the Ministry of Migration and Displacement (MODM) under the project “Improving Access to Shelter for IDPs” UN-HABITAT is tasked to prepare a strategy for MODM to support the Ministry in Reaching Durable Shelter Solutions for IDPs. “A durable solution is achieved when IDPs no longer have specific assistance and protection needs that are linked to their displacement and such persons can enjoy their human rights without discrimination resulting from their displacement.” A durable solution can be achieved through: ? Sustainable reintegration at the place of origin (return) ? Sustainable local integration in areas where internally displaced persons take refuge (local integration) ? Sustainable integration in another part of the country (settlement elsewhere in the country) Durable solutions require IDPs to have an adequate standard of living; safety and security; access to livelihoods; restoration of housing, land and property; access to documentation; family reunification; participation in public affairs; and access to effective remedies and justice. The Government of Iraq’s long term strategy to address the needs of displaced persons is documented in the National Policy on Displacement, drafted by the Ministry of Displacement and Migration with input from UNHCR and announced on 23/05/2008. Within this wider framework, the Strategy will focus on how to support IDPs in sustainably achieving the right to adequate housing and the recognition of property rights. The Strategy Document will provide a general overview of the IDP situation, with reference to data from MoDM and other sources, highlighting key bottlenecks in achieving the right to adequate housing and the recognition of property rights, and will review current initiatives and provide realistic strategies on: ? Access to Land for Housing; ? Settlement of Property Disputes; ? Communities affected by displacement; ? Housing Options; and, ? Housing Finance. A rough outline of the document has been prepared by UN-HABITAT in discussion with MoDM, which will be finalised by the International Consultant. Consultant Responsibilities The Consultant will be responsible for preparing the Strategy document, by 15th April 2011, through extensive collaboration with MoDM and related stakeholders (MoCH, MMPW, MoP, Civli Society). The Consultant will supervise a national consultant that will be responsible for collecting data and establishing and training working groups (including Government and Civil Society) as needed to prepare studies. The Consultant will compile data and prepare draft reports that will be shared with Stakeholders and reviewed at a Stakeholder Workshop. The Consultant will plan and facilitate the Stakeholder Workshop, advise on participants, brief the national consultant and working group members on their duties in regard to the workshop, organize the presentation of draft reports, facilitate breakout group discussions and prepare a workshop report. Following the Stakeholder Workshop, the Consultant will brief the national consultant and working groups on further studies and follow-up as needed and prepare a first Draft of the Strategy Document. The Consultant will plan and facilitate a second workshop where the Strategy Document is shared and discussed, and recommendations agreed on for revision. Following the outcome of this workshop, the consultant will prepare a Second Draft for circulation and discussion (through third workshop if needed) and a Final Draft for presentation to MoDM. Deliverables: 1. Inception Report providing the detailed structure of the Strategy document, as agreed by MoDM as well as the process and action plan for delivering the Strategy. 2. Studies (to be prepared in written form and as PowerPoint presentations in English provided in adequate time for Arabic translation prior to Stakeholder Workshop): 2.1 – General analysis of shelter needs and current constraints (max 5 pages) ? Extent of IDPs in Iraq - number and location (refer to MoDM official information) ? Aspirations of IDPs in regard to durable solutions (refer to IOM Iraq: Review of Displacement and Return in Iraq, August 2010) ? Percentage of IDPs remaining without adequate housing, reduction of this percentage over time and comparison with the percentage for the national average (MoDM, COSIT, IOM) ? Brief overview of types of shelter support undertaken since 2006 by MoDM, UN, international and national organizations (refer to MoDM, UNHCR, IOM, NGO reports) ? Analysis of key bottlenecks in reaching durable shelter solutions (interviews with MoDM, SOT members, IDP groups etc. – to be discussed at the Stakeholder Workshop) 2.2- Land for Housing (5-10 pages) ? Mapping of Institutions involved in land allocation, current experience in land allocation and recommendations of coordination of such institutions with MoDM (institutional mapping: refer to Zuhair Al Maliki Report under PSDP-I project, current experience: interviews with MoDM, SOT members etc., discussions required with institutions in Stakeholder workshops) ? Land Scenarios for IDPS/returnees in Iraq, including recommendations: (i) Types of land currently occupied by IDPs (MODM reports? Oday Lafta Report on Baghdad) (ii) Informal settlements, typical living conditions, GoI perception, circumstances in which they can be upgraded, circumstances in which they cannot be upgraded, approaches to upgrading that prevents encouraging further illegal settlement and opportunistic land grabbing (UNHCR data on squatter camps, field study visits by Oday Lafta, UN-HABITAT 2005 Towards a Slum Upgrading Policy for Iraq, MoCH/UN-HABITAT, Iraq National Housing Policy 2010) (iii) Allocation of Government Land – recommendations on streamlining the process (UN-HABITAT 2010 Iraq Land Administration report, discuss with Zuhair al Maliki and Mike McCandless (UN-HABTITAT Consultants) working in related field, discuss further at Stakeholder Workshop) (iv) (other scenarios pending research) 2.3 – Settlement of Property Disputes (5-10 pages) ? Existence of mechanisms to resolve housing, land and property disputes relevant to displacement and steps taken to overcome the most common challenges to implementing housing, land and property rights. (Council of Ministers Order 440 of 2008 Council of Ministers Order 262 of July 2008, Cabinet Order 83 of 2007, Cabinet Order 101 of 2008, UNHCR Working Note on IDPs, other material from UNHCR) ? Percentage of IDP land and property claims resolved and enforced; number of remaining claims, and estimated time to resolve remaining claims (MoDM, Zuhair Al Maliki to advise) ? General comments/analysis on adequacy and effectiveness of current mechanisms (eg when compensation is provided, what can it afford in terms of resettlement assistance, how does eviction laws match up to guidance from Centre for Human Rights and Evictions/Amnesty International etc.); gaps in property dispute mechanisms; recommendations to follow Stakeholder Workshop (refer also to: Peter Van Der Aweraert chapter on land and Property Issues in Iraq in Brookings (2009)Resolving Iraqi Displacement: Humanitarian and Development Perspectives) ? Suggestion of realistic targets if possible with reference to similar well performing context (to be discussed at workshop) ? Budgetary implications of reaching such target 2.4 - Communities affected by displacement (5-10 pages) ? General comments on effects of displacement on host communities ? Specific examples in Iraq (Oday Lafta, Shelter SOT) ? General comments related to the equal rights of IDPs and host communities (Brookings Institution 2010: IASC Framework on durable solutions for IDPs. Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement) ? General implications (across the board) ? Implications related to reaching durable shelter solutions for IDPs 2.5- Housing Options (5-10 pages) ? Guiding principles ? Outline of good global practices relevant to Iraq (may ref to UN-HABITAT, UNHCR, IFRC: Shelter Projects 2008/Shelter Projects 2009) ? Examples of models in Iraq including occupiers’ and implementing agency feedback (Shelter SOT, Oday Lafta on Baghdad) ? Sample designs and BoQs to fit various criteria (consultation with MoDM, UNHCR Shelter guidelines can be used for discussion, UN-HABITAT architect to assist) ? Selection procedures for beneficiaries of Government or NGO provided housing including vulnerability criteria (refer to UNHCR guidelines) 2.6 - Housing Finance (5-10 pages) ? Mapping of existing institutions that can support housing finance (UN-HABITAT 2006 Iraq Housing Market Study? ? General obstacles in accessing housing finance (Iraq Housing Market Study – further field research by Oday Lafta) ? Recommendations to address them (elaborate onprinciples in Iraq National Housing Policy) ? Potential for start-up grants and analysis of budgetary implications 3. Strategy Document, First Draft, Second Draft, Final Version (English) approx 30-50 pages Activities and Timeframe Month 1: Inception Phase: Security training (Amman) 4 days, Inception visit - Baghdad 1 week; ? Meeting with UN-HABITAT, UNHCR, Shelter SOT (cluster) members, MoDM, Stakeholders from related ministries. ? Establishment of Working Groups (to include MoDM, MoMPW, MoP, civil society) ? Preparation of TORs for Working Groups ? Preparation of TORs for studies, ? Training of Working Groups Month 2/3: Six studies outlined above: Assume most information is available, specific field information is can also be acquired in Baghdad and selected governorates Month 4: Stakeholder Workshops (Shelter SOT, local civil society and GoI) in Baghdad to review studies and provide initial recommendations on findings of the studies Month 5: Initial Drafting of the strategy; stakeholder workshops to present and review initial draft; preparation of second draft Month 6; Stakeholder workshops to review second draft; finalization of document and hand-over to MoDM Costs International Consultant (P4/5): 80 days over 6 months National Consultant: 6 months full time International Travel: Mission 1: Amman 1 wk, Baghdad 1 wk Mission 2: Baghdad (Green/Amber Zones) 1 wk (month 4) Mission 3: Baghdad (Green/Amber Zones) 1 wk (month 5) Mission 4: Baghdad (Green/Amber Zones) 1 wk (month 6)
Masters Degree or equivalent in architecture, planning, urban development, social studies related fields
10 years including 5 in international development/ humanitarian support
English language is required and Computer skills requirement. MS Office

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